In presenting to the public what I believe to be faithful representations of sundry varieties of the Canine Species, I cannot dare presume, that even the knowing ones will pronounce them all to reflect the image of unadulterated stock; first, because there does exist a great variety of appearance, even in animals of pure and unsuspected blood ; secondly, our ideas of purity seldom exactly agree, owing to a peculiarity of stamp, preferred by different fancy-breeders. Nevertheless, the animals have been selected by the Artist and myself, as the fairest specimens, which our united judgments could dictate, as the most likely to convey the idea or distinct Pedigree, to the total exclusion of Mon grelism. I can simply vouch for their being true to the life, and trust that in charity, all de fects may be antributed to the Dogs, rather than to the Artist or myself.
The illustration represents a well trained animal, in possession of the Author. The breed owes its origin to the St. Bernard, Newfoundland and Alpine Shepherd-dog, although I commonly term them the St. Bernard Newfoundland. The Sire, old Bruno, was purchased of me by B. M. Whitlock, Esq., of New York city, by whom he is highly esteemed and treated like an educated dog should be. This breed is everything that can be desired, being equal in size, and (1 think) superior to all others,in beauty, intelligence, activity and vigilance. Height from 30 to 34 inches ; weight from 130 to 200 lbs.
These dogs take their name from a mountain of the Alps, celebrated for a Convent inhabited by Monks, who breed and train them for the purpose of carrying provisions to travellers, who may chance to lose their way in the deep and ofttimes impassable snows. They are from 29 to 34 inches in height; length from 6 1-2 to 7 feet, and when in good condition will weigh as high as 200 lbs. Their color is generally buff or light red, the muzzle dark
The Newfoundland is perhaps better known than the majority of breeds, being a general favorite. There arc various stamps of Newfoundlands, varying both in shape, growth and hair, according to the latitude of their nativity. The pure should be entirely black. They may be greatly improved by a judicious cross, after which the colors of course are inclined to vary. On the Sea coast, he will subsist entirely on raw fish, and spends the greater part of his time in the water.
St. Bernard Newfoundland, is a cross between the St. Bernard and Newfoundland. He is a fine large, handsome, majestic and respectable looking dog, remarkable in beauty, sagacity and intelligence. His height is from 80 to 34 inches, and I have had them weigh over 200 lbs. He appears to inherit the virtues of both Sire and Dam, without any of their failings. Their colors vary from jet-black down to light fawn-color.
Bloodhound is the largest of the Hound species, but his appearance and courage indicate a tinge of Mastiff or Bull-dog. The pure old fashion breed is nearly extinct, and various stamps of Dogs are now termed Bloodhounds. He is not naturally such a ferocious animal as his name might imply, but as he is trained to follow the scent of human blood, he is deservedly dreaded by those, who are unacquainted with him. He is principally renowned for catching Negroes, and when put on the scent of a man will follow it as true as the Harrier does the Hare.
Scotch Deer-hound appears to have originated in an amalgamation of Scotch Terrier and Greyhound. He is powerful, fleet and courageous, and measures sometimes over 30 inches in height. His hair is rough, and generally of a yellowish color. In him are combined the nerve of the Foxhound, with the fleetness of the Greyhound. These dogs are rare, and fetch occasionally enormous prices, as few ever own them but the Nobility and Gentry, who hold almost exclusive possession of the pure Stock.
A true English Staghound of the staunch old breed ; now all but extinct. This race of hounds is very rare, even in England ; the fast going modern Foxhound, (bred chiefly for speed) haying banished the old breed from the kennels. In the days when this Hound was used, the hunter was a strong compact horse, not fast, but a good fencer, agreeing in every respect with the sturdy, deep mouthed pack, he was called upon to follow. At present, the fashion is altered, and higher bred animals are required to keep pace with the pack before him.
This extraordinary Hound was bred in Patterson, N. J., and comes from a race of black and tan Foxhounds alike celebrated for their speed and mettle. His real time is not known, but from his astonishing performances, it is fair to presume he may outlast anything, than can be brought into competition with him. A glance at his short round barrel, his monstrous shoulder, the broad and ample quarters, the lire of his eye, and the resolute dare-devil expression of his face will be a sufficient guide, as to what the tout ensemble of a good lasting Foxhound should be made of. His owner challenges him, without hesitation, against any Hound, which England or the United States can produce, to run drag, Fox or Deer. No fence has been found too high for him, no run too long, and no Hound sufficiently swift to show him the road.