This section is from the book "A History Of Gardening In England", by Alicia Amherst. Also available from Amazon: A History Of Gardening In England.
A SURVEY of the Manor of Wymbledon, alias Wimbleton, with the Rights, Members, and Appurtenances thereof, lying and being in the county of Surrey, late parcel of the possessions of Henrietta Maria, the relict and late Queen of Charles Stuart, late King of England, made and taken by us whose names are hereunto subscribed in the month of November, 1649 ; by virtue of a commission grounded upon an Act of the Commons assembled in Parliament for sale of the Honors, Manors, and Lands heretofore belonging to the late King, Queen, or Prince, under the hands and seals of five or more of the Trustees in the said Act named and appointed.
[The Hall, the rooms, the stone gallery, the grotto, the marble parlour, the organs, the Chapel, the King's chamber, the West stairs, the East stairs, a room called the Den of Lions, the great gallery, the Queen's chamber, the second, third, and fourth floors, the Clock stairs, the Wardrobe stairs, the back stairs, the leads, etc, are described.]
And also consisting of one garden called the Oringe garden, adjoining to the East end of the said Manor or Mansion House, severed from the Pheasant Garden with a high brick wall upon the East and North sides thereof, and from the upper or greater garden with an open pale on the South side thereof, containing upon admeasurement one rood and twenty perches of ground, worth per annum £1.
Memorandum, that in the said Oringe Garden there are four knotts, fitted for the growth of choice flowers, bordered with box in the points, angles, squares, and roundlets, and handsomely turfed in the intervals or little walks thereof; which knotts, and the flower roots therein growing, we estimate to be worth £24.. 10s.
In the middle part of which four knotts is one large round, Marble paved with small pebble stones; in the middle whereof stands one handsome Fountain of white marble, which, with the pipes of lead and cocks thereunto belonging, we value to be worth £20.
* Transcribed from the original MS. in the Record Office. It has been printed before with the complete Survey in Vol. X. of the Archaeologia.
Unto which Fountain one pavement of Flanders brick, six foot broad, extends itself from the East of the said Manor or Mansion House, up the middle of the said Oringe Garden, which we value to be worth---.
The other three alleys or little walks betwixt the said four knotts are paved with pebble stone, worth in both £2.
The middle of which said three allies leadeth from the said Fountain unto a garden or Shadow house, paved with Flanders brick, and handsomely benched, standing in the middle of the East wall of the said Oringe Garden; the materials of which house are worth £5. 10s.
There are four large and handsome gravelled walks inclosing the said four knotts ; the value whereof we include in the foresaid yearly value of the said Oringe garden.
In the side of which said Oringe Garden there stands one large Garden House; the out walls of brick ; fitted for the keeping of Oringe trees; neatly covered with blue slate, and ridged and guttered with lead ; the materials of which house, with the great doors and the iron thereof, with a certain stone pavement lying before those doors, in nature of a little walk 4 foot broad and seventy-nine foot long, we value to be worth £66. 13s. 4d.
In which said Garden House there are now standing in square boxes, fitted for that purpose, forty-two Oringe trees bearing fair and large oringes; which trees, with the boxes and the earth and materials therein feeding the same, we value at ten pounds a tree, one tree with another, in toto amounting unto £420.
In the said Garden House there now also is one Lemon tree bearing great and very large lemons, which, together with the box that it grows in, and the earth and materials therein feeding the same, we value at £20.
In the said Garden House there now also is one Pomecitron tree, which, together with the box that it grows in, and the earth and materials feeding the same, we value at £10.
There are also belonging to the said Oringe Garden 6 Pomegranet trees, bearing fair and large fruits, which, together with the square boxes they grow in, and the earth and materials therein feeding the same, we value at three pounds a tree, one with another, in toto £18.
There are also belonging to the said Oringe Garden 18 Oringe The Oringe trees, that have not yet borne fruit, which, with their boxes, earth, Garden and materials therein feeding the same, we value at five pounds a tree, one with another, in toto amounting unto the sum of £90.
Memorandum, that the foresaid six Pomegranet trees and the said eighteen Oringe trees now stand and are placed with their boxes in one little room of the said Mansion House called the lower Spanish Room, and opening to the said Oringe Garden.
In the head of every of the said four knotts there is one Cypress tree growing, which 4 together we value at £1.
There are two Apricot trees growing to the wall on the North Side of the said Oringe Garden, worth £1.
There are also 14 Laurel trees planted in several places of the said Oringe Garden, which we value in the gross at £1. 8s.
In the South East corner of the said Oringe Garden, there is one fair Bay tree, which we value at £1.
Memorandum, that the said Oringe Garden extends no farther in breadth than the East end of the said Manor or Mansion House doth extend itself; but is exceedingly graced with the said two long galleries or walks adjoining to the East end of the said Manor or Mansion House : the one leaded, standing four yards above the said Garden, and the other floored with free stones lying level with the said Oringe Garden, and extending to the whole breadth thereof; the value of the materials of which said galleries are contained in the valuation of the said Manor or Mansion House, as in the particulars thereof may appear.
And also of one other garden called the Upper or Great The Garden, adjoining to the South side of the said Manor or Mansion House ; severed from the said Oringe Garden with the said raised pale on the South side of the said Oringe Garden, and lying between the said Manor or Mansion House and the Vineyard Garden, from which it is severed with a long brick wall ten foot high on the South side thereof ; and from Wymbledon Park with a brick wall of ten foot high on the East side thereof; and from the Churchyard with another brick wall of ten foot high on the West side thereof ; and from the Wood yard with a brick wall of ten foot high on the South side thereof ; containing upon admeasurement 6 acres and 26 perches of land, worth per annum £12.