No allowance should be made in figuring the modulus of rupture for the hollow spaces.
10. The compression test shall be made as follows: Samples must be cut from blocks so as to contain a full web section; samples must be carefully measured, then bedded flatwise in plaster of paris to secure a uniform bearing in the testing machine, and crushed. The total breaking load is then divided by the area in compression in square inches. No deduction to be made for hollow spaces; the area will be considered as the product of the width by the length.
11. The absorption tests must be made as follows: The sample is first thoroughly dried to a constant weight. The weight must be carefully recorded. It is then placed in a pan or a tray of water, face downward, immersing it to a depth of not more than one-half inch. It is again carefully weighed at the following periods: Thirty minutes, four hours and forty-eight hours, respectively, from the time of immersion, being replaced in the water in each case as soon as the weight is taken. Its compressive strength while still wet is then determined at the end of the forty-eight-hour period in the manner specified in Section 10.
12. The freezing tests are made as follows: The sample is immersed as described in Section 11, for at least four hours; and then weighed. It is then placed in a freezing mixture or a refrigerator, or otherwise subjected to a temperature of less than 15 degrees Fahrenheit few at least twelve hours. It is then removed and placed in water, where it must remain for at least one hour, the temperature of which is at least 150 degrees Fahrenheit. This operation is repeated ten times, after which the sample is again weighed while still wet from the last thawing. Its crushing strength should then be determined as called for-in Section 10.
13. The fire test must be made as follows: Two samples are placed in a cold furnace in which the temperature is gradually raised to 1,700 degrees Fahrenheit. The test piece must be subjected to this temperature for at least thirty minutes. One of the samples is then plunged in cold water (about 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit) and the results noted. The second sample is permitted to cool gradually in air and the results noted.
14. The following requirements must be met to secure an acceptance of the materials: The modulus of rupture for concrete blocks at twenty-eight days old must average 150 and must not fall below 100 in any case. The ultimate compressive strength at twenty-eight days must average 1,000 pounds per square inch, and must not fall below 700 pounds in any case. The percentage of absorption (being the weight of water absorbed divided by the weight of the dry sample) must not average higher than 15 per cent and must not exceed 20 per cent in any case. The reduction of compressive strength must not be more than 33 1-3 per cent, except that when the lower figure is still above 1,000 pounds per square inch the loss in strength may be neglected. The freezing and thawing process must not cause a loss in weight greater than 10 per cent nor a loss in strength of more than 33 1-3 per cent, except that when the lower figure is still above 1,000 pounds per square inch the loss in strength may be neglected. The fire test must not cause the material to disintegrate.
15. The approval of any material is given only under the following conditions:
(a) A brand mark for identification must be impressed on or otherwise attached to the material.
(b) A plant for the production of the material must be in full operation when the official tests are made.
(c) The name of the firm or corporation and the responsible officers must be placed on file with the chief of the Bureau of Building Inspection, and changes in the same promptly reported.
(d) The chief of the Bureau of Building Inspection may require full tests to be repeated on samples selected from the open market when, in his opinion, there is any doubt as to whether the product is up to the standard of these regulations, and the manufacturer must submit to the Bureau of Building Inspection once in at least every four months a certificate of tests showing that the average resistance of three specimens to cross-breaking and crushing are not below the requirements of these regulations. Such tests must be made by some laboratory of recognized standing on samples selected by a building inspector or the laboratory, from material actually going into construction, and not on ones furnished by the manufacturer.
(e) In case the results of tests made under these conditions should show that the standard of these regulations is not maintained, the approval of this bureau to the manufacturer of said blocks will at once be suspended or revoked.