Observed Big River, May 9. Very numerous Crooked Lake, May 12, 13, and Beaver River, May 19. Numerous, in flocks, Shagwenaw Lake, Churchill River, June 1. Observed below Knee Lake, Churchill River, June 6. Observed number of duck on Cochrane River, August 13, which I think were this species in winter plumage ; remarked that birds flocked and probably beginning to move slowly south in migration. One taken north of Fort Du Brochet, September 24.
Observed Crooked Lake, May 13. Single bird observed on Black Bear Island Lake on the Churchill River, June 14. Three observed on Dead Lake, Churchill River, June 17. One pair observed with small flock of Surf Scoters on lake expansion on Reindeer River, June 30. Three observed Reindeer Lake, July 10.
Three specimens, one adult male taken on Ile a la Crosse Lake, May 31 ; two adult females taken on the Reindeer River, June 30. " Flock of about twelve Scoters together, all in pairs."
One specimen observed on inland lake on east shore at north end of lie a la Crosse Lake, May 31. One pair observed in false bay above Sandfly Lake on the Churchill River, June 11. Those birds appear to prefer dead-water lakes (lakes without current). Four specimens observed on Black Bear Island Lake on the Churchill River, June 14. Six birds observed below Frog Portage on the Churchill River, June 27. Flock observed on inland lake north of Fort Du Brochet as late as September 30, passing in migration; they remained only one day on this lake, which was under constant observation at the time.
Flock passed westward over Ladder Lake, Big River, May 9, in spring migration.
Observed one pair south end lie a la Crosse Lake, May 24. One adult male taken on the Cochrane River, July 27. Stomach contained grasses and grit. Female with brood of young also seen in marsh at river-bend. Those were the only geese found in their breeding haunts.
Observed at Polwarth, Sask., May 6 ; Beaver River, in marshy lower reaches, May 20. One observed below the mouth of Haultain River on the Churchill River on June 6. One observed at the mouth of Reindeer River, June 27. Two observed Reindeer River, June 29.
Flock observed settled on prairie grass, Craven, Sask., May 4, north-bound migration.
Nest containing two eggs found on inland lake on east shore at north end of He a la Crosse Lake, May 30. Only one pair breeding ; locality completely isolated from mankind. On no other occasion were the breeding haunts of this species found. The eggs were medium sienna-buffish and had dark spots and splashes of darker colour. (See further description in Chapter III.)
Observed flock of this species passing south over mouth of Cochrane River, September 23. Birds giving voice to their unmistakable call as they planed overhead in easy view of my field-glasses.
Observed four in marsh off Beaver River, May 20. Observed on inland lake on east shore of He a la Crosse Lake, May 30. Nest with two eggs found in reeds in locality above noted, May 31.
Observed Beaver River, May 19. A. number observed in marshes above Sandy Lake on Churchill River, June 8- the first seen for some time.
A male taken on Sandfly Lake, Churchill River, June 11. On no other occasion was this species observed throughout the expedition.
Two specimens : an adult female taken on Crooked Lake, May 13. " Bird alone, resting as if tired out, perhaps migrating." The other an adult male taken on the Beaver River, May 19. " Male and female together on floating weeds, on edge of small lake off Beaver River; birds in company with pair of Dowitchers, and a lesser Yellow-leg."
Six pairs observed on inland lake on east shore, five miles from north end of He a la Crosse Lake ; all birds breeding on south side of inland lake on limited area of swampy, mossy ground, but failed to find eggs, though birds flew and fluttered closely in great distress, May 30.
Nest taken near Lake He a la Crosse, May 31. "Four eggs, slightly incubated, nest of damp grasses on ground among low snowberry bushes. Flushed bird off nest three or four times to-day and yesterday."
Three observed, May 30. Few observed over marsh drumming high in the air near mouth of Haultain River on the Churchill River, June 6 ; the first birds seen drumming. Two observed, flushed from marsh inland from Du Brochet Lake, August 9 ; noted that this species had not previously been seen for a long time.
Five specimens : a pair taken on Crooked Lake, May 13, have been compared with a series of this form and of M. g. scolopaceus. Another pair taken on the Beaver River, May 19, and a male on Lake Ile a la Crosse, on May 23.
A female taken on Sandy Lake, Churchill River, June 10, and a male taken on Sandfly Lake, Churchill River, June 11.
Four specimens : a female taken near Fort Du Brochet, Reindeer Lake, on July 17 ; and a male and two females taken on the Cochrane River, July 23.
Two observed below Du Brochet Lake, July 30.
Four specimens : a female, Reindeer Lake, July 13. " Bird alone breeding on island, apparently had nest." A female taken July 29, and a pair taken July 30 on the Cochrane River.
Two others observed on the Cochrane River, July 28.