The Posterior Branch descends along the outer edge of the obturator foramen, towards the tuberosity of the ischium, passing between the internal and external obturator muscles: it supplies the adjacent muscles and the capsular ligament of the hip-joint: it also sends a small branch through the notch in the inner margin of the acetabulum, to supply the Haversian body, round ligament, and head of the femur.

Before commencing the dissection of the pudic artery the student is recommended to direct his attention to the anatomy of the ano-perineal region.