The love of the savage, although differing greatly from that of a civilizec man, is nevertheless made up largely of the sami ingredients. Thus, although in the latter conjuga affection reaches a much higher degree of develop ment, it is by no means absent in the former. Even among th< wretched Bushmen of South Africa, possibly the lowest type of humat beings, there is love in all their marriages;1 and among the races ol the Upper Congo there is a certain kind of poetry, a chivalry, observable in their courtship and marriage, little to be looked for among such a race.* The same touch of chivalrous sentiment is seen in th< sexual relationship of the Tauaregs;1 and Dr. Schweinfurth asserts thai even the man-eating Niam-Niam display an affection for their wives " whicl is unparalleled among other natives of an equally low grade." The Esqui-moe are frequently seen "rubbing their noses together—their favorite mark of affection;"1 and the Tacullies, as Harmon informs us, are both fond of and kind to their wives.1 Catlin goes so far as to Bay that the North American Indians are not "in the least behind us in conjugal affection;"1 Mantegazza discovered it among the South American tribes;* the Fuegians are reported to show a great deal of affection for their wives, and indeed, as Wester-marek intimates,' it seems difficult if not impossible to find any portion of the human race, however rude, where conjugal affection is entirely wanting.*

Although far less intense among savages than its sexual analogue, parental love, being in one sense less vital to the existence of the species, seems, nevertheless, to be fully as primitive as the former; and, equally as in the animal kingdom, lies at the bottom of that instinct which prompts the male to watch over and defend the female during her period of pregnancy. Only in man, to his shame be it said, is this law sometimes disregarded; but on the other hand only in man is conjugal love found in its greatest perfection, deepened and broadened by the love of offspring and the refinements of reason.