When a man is attacked during a shooting trip in the low-country, or on his return home, by fever or other disease, he generally attributes it to exposure, to malaria, or to drinking bad water. In nine cases out of ten, however, the cause is simply exposure to the sun and neglect of ordinary precautions. If a man who is not accustomed to a hot climate, will, day after day, go out before day-break, tramp about in the burning sun, perhaps with no coat on, return to camp about midday tired and hungry, and immediately pour into an empty stomach a bottle of beer or a stiff whisky and soda, he must expect to pay for his folly. Again, if a man will sit in the land-wind in sweat-saturated clothes, or out in the open on a dewy evening, he has no one but himself to blame if he gets a chill, followed by fever. Exposure to the sun and chills has laid more sportsmen on their backs than malaria and bad water. An umbrella is, of course, not to be thought of when one is actually looking for game, but it is an excellent thing to have when returning to camp and the sun is hot, and all wild animals, with more sense than many human beings, have retired into the shade of the forest. In fact, it is of little use prowling about after deer and pigs after 8 o'clock, as they are seldom to be found in the open later, unless there has been heavy rain during the night.
The water of long-stagnant tanks and pools, though apparently clean enough, should never be bathed in as eczema is likely to result. All cuts and abrasions should be attended to promptly and carefully, as they are liable in the low-country to turn into nasty sores difficult to heal. It is not a bad plan to take a small dose of quinine every day during a shooting trip as a precaution.
Fever, dysentery, diarrhoea and sunstroke being the principal physical ills flesh is heir to in the low-country, suitable medicines should be taken. A large bottle of castor oil or salts should be provided for dosing servants and coolies, who are apt to make themselves ill by gorging on game, a diet to which they are unaccustomed. Lint and sticking plaister should be taken in case of accidents. A pair of tweezers for the extraction of thorns, if taken, will be found to be often required.
Throughout the low-country, even in most out-of-the-way places, Government have established small field-hospitals to which members of shooting parties who have met with accidents, or are seriously ill, can be taken for treatment.