The organs of generation it is my purpose barely to mention. Their anatomy is already well known to the physician; and this work being of a psychopathic rather than physiological character, the more intimate structure of those various parts may very properly be left to the manuals on the latter subject. Briefly, however, the female organs of generation are—the Mons Veneris, Vulva, Vagina, with its outer and inner lips, and the Clitoris. The Mons Veneris, or "Mountain of Venus," is the soft rounded eminence between the thighs and beneath the abdomen, covered with hair at puberty, which by its physical beauty, as well as its delightful and occasionally penitential history, well justifies the name applied to it by the ancients—Mountain of Love. The labia majora, or large outer lips of the vagina, are folds of integument covering the labia minora, the inner and lesser lips, which close the orifice to the vagina, and which in the virgin are fresh and pink of hue, as distinguished from those of the mature woman, which are grayish-blue in color, and flabby in texture.
Both the inner and outer labia are supplied with follicles, which secrete a thick mucus, intended to lubricate the passage during intercourse, and in the virgin are closely approximated, but after frequent intercourse, or childbirth, they remain open, the outer lips permanently separated by the inner. The Clitoris—or female penis—the chief seat of sexual sensation in the woman, is a body which may be found in the upper entrance of the vagina, immediately below the Mons Veneris, by slightly separating the external labia, and is usually about an inch in length, but sometimes abnormally developed to four, or even five inches in length.
It is this undue development which gave rise to the idea of hermaphroditism; and also to the practice—far commoner than supposed at the present time—of women cohabiting together as man and wife. This Lesbian - love —deriving its name from the island of Lesbos, where Sappho, the poetess, is said to have practised it—no doubt resulted from such abnormal developments of the clitoris, either congenital or voluntarily induced; making it possible for the organ to be introduced into another woman's vagina, as is the male penis, and giving rise to the society of the Tribades in Rome, who practised the vice, as well as a similar society in Paris, who, in mockery of their sexual infamy, called themselves The Vestals.'
The Meatus Urinarius, the opening of the water passage from the bladder, which is situated in a little pad-shaped ring, about an inch below the clitoris, and the Hymen, a thin fold of membrane, semilunar in shape, which stretches across the opening of the vagina, usually broken at the first sexual congress, and the rupture of which is known popularly as "taking the maidenhead," constitute the external organs of the female. The ancient idea that the presence of the hymen was an infallible proof of virginity, however, and its absence of the reverse, has been shown to be erroneous, the rupture occurring from other causes, accidental or pathological, and without sexual intercourse.
The male organs of generation are, roughly, the Penis, Scrotum and Testicles; the last of which are most important in the function of generation, as the first is in that of sensation, or the pleasurable feeling inciting to and completing the sexual act. The testicle of the male corresponds to the ovary of the female; its function being the secretion of the male sperm, or seed, as that of the ovary is the secretion of the female sperm; and the various other parts of both the male and female genitalia are only designed by nature to facilitate the union of the seminal animalcula? contained in both, in order that fecundation may result; and that a sufficient degree of sensual pleasure may attach to the act as to ensure its performance on purely animal grounds.