This is one of the best trees for forest-culture. It grows rapidly, is easily raised, and of great money value. Mr. Hollenbeck, of Nebraska, has, in Douglas County, a piece of ash timber he planted in 1861, and many of the trees now measure thirty-eight inches in circumference, and are over forty feet high. Mr. Budd, of Iowa, has a grove that has done better still. He says ten acres, thinned to six feet apart, contained twelve thousand trees, and at twelve years of age were eight inches in diameter and thirty-five feet high. The wood from thinning paid all expenses of planting and cultivation. The bodies of the trees cut out sold for forty cents each, and the tops were worth ten cents more. Ten acres of this timber, twelve years old, was estimated to be worth six thousand dollars. Young ash, if cut low at eight years of age, and a light furrow turned over the stumps, will sprout and be ready for a second cutting in eight years. Mr. Budd says ten acres of black ash, planted for hoop-poles in rows four feet apart, may be half thinned in five years, and at three cents per pole will yield $1620. The remaining half, or fifty-four thousand poles, cut two years later for large hoop-poles, at six cents per pole, will yield $4860. The ash seed should be sown in the fall, in rows two feet apart, and covered with one inch of earth. In winter scat ter a fitter of straw three inches deep over the ground. The straw should be renewed early in the spring. The plants will grow as soon as the frost is gone, and will be twelve to fourteen inches high by fall. This will make an admirable nursery, from which the trees should be transplanted when one year old, and set out in the forest ground four feet apart. "Work the ground the same as for corn, and keep the weeds down; the closer the trees are planted the straighter they will grow, and be free from lower limbs.

European Ash

This is a very lofty tree, the growth of which, in certain locations, resembles that of the white and blue ashes, and is only cultivated in the United States for its beauty. Its wood does not begin to compare with the white and the blue ashes for durability; hence I see no reason why it should be recommended for forest cultivation.