The Norway spruce reaches to the height of from one hundred and twenty to one hundred and fifty feet. It is a beautiful, straight tree, with a diameter of from two to five feet. Michaux claims that it is one hundred years attaining its full growth. It is indigenous to the northern parts of Europe and Asia, but south is found only among the mountains. It is found farther north in Europe and Asia than any other timber tree excepting the birch. The resin is the Burgundy pitch of commerce. The bark is used for tannery purposes, and trees are imported into England while only eight or ten- inches in diameter, where the lumber is used for fencing, roofs of buildings, and many other purposes. Its wood is very durable, more so than any of the spruce family excepting the larch. The wood of the Norway spruce varies according to the land upon which it is grown; it is usually very light and elastic. The timber that possesses these qualities in the smallest degree is usually raised on light, poor, sandy soil. To most artistic eyes the Norway spruce is not a thing of beauty, on account of its stiff, formal appearance, but, clothed in verdure and standing in the middle of a lawn, it has a very pleasing effect. It is a splendid tree for shelter-belts, and has been recommended again and again for this purpose. It is perfectly hardy, is rapid and vigorous of growth, and transplants very readily. It is of perfectly persistent growth, and will push its branches over any obstacle until it has attained its full development. The Norway spruce is much preferred to the black spruce, but for what reason I do not know, as they both have the same qualities, unless it be that the Norway varieties are of much faster growth. The seeds ripen about the first of November, and the cones, in order to obtain the seed, must be dried in the sun or kiln-baked, and then the seed will very readily drop out. In planting, the seeds should be set about four feet apart, and the young trees carefully tended until they have reached the height of from three to four feet; then transplant, and place in their proper positions; or the alternate rows may be thinned out, and willows planted in their places.