This species is rather rare in the North, but is found from Tennessee southward. It grows to the height of from eighty to ninety feet, with a diameter of three feet. It has a downlike covering to its leaves in their first growth. It has no value as a lumber tree, as it will not stand the changes of weather, and is not used even where it is the most plentiful.
The balsam poplar is rare in the United States, but is common in British America. It is a large tree, but useless either for timber or fuel.