Trees have been described here as of rapid growth and slow growth. These are largely relative terms which, to some people, may convey but little meaning. They will be better understood when the growth rate of some of our well-known species is noted. Beginning with a three-inch sapling, the following named trees will, in twenty years, under favorable conditions, attain a diameter approximately as follows :
White or Silver Maple,
Sycamore or Buttonball,
11«use Chestnut (hippiocastanum),
The height which each species may be expected to attain is omitted here, as it will assume the usual proportion to the diameter.
Trees may be planted in the spring or fall, preferably in the spring before the buds open, If, through lack of information or experience, there should be a difficulty in determining what to plant it would be well to note the kinds that thrive best in the vicinity, and choose accordingly. Having decided on the species, the tree or trees should be ordered from some nursery, because, as a general thing, better results will be obtained. Nursery stock bears transplanting better than that from the woods; for the roots are not spread out so widely as those of forest trees which, by reason of poorer soil, are obliged to reach out further for nourishment, and, hence, sustain more injury when the tree is dug up. In size the plant should be from two to three inches in diameter near the ground, and from ten to twelve feet high. Hut little is gained by using larger ones, as the smaller trees soon overtake or pass them, and the larger the tree the greater the risk in transplanting. Maples, Elms and Lindens, however, may be used with larger diameters than other species. The Oak thrives better when the smaller sizes are planted.
Nursery trees cost from fifty cents to one dollar each, according to the size or scarcity, to which must be added the expense of freight and cartage. When ordered in large quantities a suitable deduction in price is made. But for villages and roads it may be more convenient and economical in some localities to obtain the young trees from the neighboring woods. In that case pains must be taken to select straight, thrifty specimens with clean, healthy bark, well-shaped top, and regular arrangement of branches.