This is a small insect that obtains food from the juices of plants ; they are generally known as " plant lice " and belong to the order of insects called the Hemiptera or half-winged insects.
These are chemical manures, such as Nitrate of Soda.
These are the shoots that grow in the axils on the stem ; viz., in the angle formed by the stem and leaf.
A process by which fruit trees and Roses are propagated. See page 118.
A name applied to a compact form of fruit tree.
A general name which is given to insect and fungoid pests.
This is used as a spray or wash for fungoid pests, especially Potato disease, and is made as follows :-Dissolve 2½ lbs. of sulphate of copper in hot water and H lbs. of fresh quick-lime in cold water ; add the solutions and make up to 20 gallons by the addition of water.
A mixture of leaf mould and manure.
The seed leaves or lobes of the seed.
An important order of plants of which the most familiar member is the Cabbage.
A storage for root crops. (Saxon clam, a bandage, viz., that which holds anything.)
A tool used for planting.
A term applied to soils which are in good physical condition and therefore can be easily broken up.
Sprays or washes that are used for the destruction of fungoid pests.
A means of propagating fruit trees. See page 115.
A term applied to the stems of Potatoes, Beans and Peas.
A small insect that places its eggs in living caterpillars, and as the grubs develop the host larva is gradually killed.
Remedies employed for the destruction of insect pests.
A chemical manure.
A caterpillar or grub.
Pod bearing vegetables.
The Pea family.
The bast, rush grass or raffia which is tied round grafts and buds. A ligature is also employed for attaching a tree to a stake.
An old name for a chloride.
A dressing placed on the soil in order to prevent rapid evaporation.
This mixture is made as follows :-In 1 1/2 gallons of water place 4 ozs. of soft soap and 4 ozs. of quassia and boil ; while the mixture is boiling add a wine-glass full of paraffin.
The stem shoot which appears in germination.
Plants which live a number of years.
The removal of the growth shoots from fruit trees for the purpose of promoting fruitfulness. See page 109.
A name given to a certain form of fruit tree.
This mixture, which is a dangerous poison, is prepared as follows :-One oz. of Paris Green is mixed with 20 gallons of water.
This is an insecticide, and is made by allowing £ lb. of quassia chips to soak in one gallon of water.
This is tying material which is indispensable to the gardener.
The root shoot, which is seen in the early stages of germination.
The ripened shoot which is used in grafting.
The stem of the fruit tree on to which the scion is fixed.
An instrument especially constructed for pruning.
A tall growing fruit tree with a clean stem.
The small bodies which develop on matured fungi and ferns, and by means of which new plants are reproduced.
The depth of soil moved in digging.
The layer of earth found below the surface soil.
The main root of a plant.
The condition of the surface soil secured by very careful cultivation.
Deep digging by which the subsoil is brought up and becomes surface soil ; in bastard trenching a similar depth of soil may be moved, but the layers retain their positions. See page 14.