The great mass of sexual criminals are rather weak than wicked. Education itself, as we find it in the physician, the lawyer, the teacher, being largely only a means to an end, adds little to the innate powers of the will, or the ability to conquer passion. This explains the otherwise puzzling fact that, with writers on sexual psychology, professional persons, physicians particularly, play a very dominant role as both inverts and perverts. If the artistic, or idealistic, temperament be present, as it is frequently in the teacher and physician, so much the worse; the prudential element in such cases being weakened, and the emotional pushed into greater prominence. Painters, also, from their well known abuse of alcohol, possibly as much as the artistic aptitude which Ellis,1 Jager1 and Laupts1 so urgently enlarge upon, are peculiarly subjects of sexual aberration.
The Law deals with the crime, Medicine with the criminal. The crime is temporal, the criminal eternal. One is the bite of the mad dog, the other the mad dog himself. The crime is episodical; the criminal is permanent; therefore the latter concerns society more nearly than does the former; and therefore is Medicine a more important science, from every standpoint, in such matters, than Law. The fact that the latter has given so little attention in the past to the teachings of psychopathology, sufficiently explains why these two sister sciences are so frequently found in only too apparent antagonism; but this will grow less and less in the future, as forensic medicine shall become, as it undoubtedly will, a larger part of judicial procedure; and when the splendid teachings in criminal anthropology inaugurated by Ferri,* Lombroso and Marro,8 shall have been verified, and harmonized, as they too undoubtedly shall, and their masterly deductions placed as laws upon the statute-books of civilization.