Put a large handful of salt into a tumbler partly filled with water and stir until the salt is dissolved. Now pour fresh water into another tumbler until it is at the same height as the salt water. Make the arms of equal length, put one arm in the salt water and the other in the fresh water, then suck a little air out of the top coupling and close it with a plug. Do you find that the column of salt water is shorter than the column of fresh water (1, Fig. 83) ? It is shorter because salt water is heavier than fresh water.
The Water Levels Are The Same
Fig. 83. Unequal Columns
If you have gasoline or kerosene convenient fill one tumbler half full of either, and the other tumbler half full of water, then repeat the experiment. Do you find that the column of gasoline or kerosene is longer than the column of water (2, Fig. 83) ? It is longer because gasoline and kerosene are lighter than water.