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American Game Fishes | by W. A. Perry



This book teaches you about American Game Fishes, Their Habits, Habitat, And Peculiarities; How, When, And Where To Angle For Them

TitleAmerican Game Fishes
AuthorW. A. Perry
PublisherRand, McNally & Company
Year1892
Copyright1892, Rand, McNally & Co.
AmazonAmerican Game Fishes: Their Habits, Habitat, and Peculiarities; How, When, and Where to Angle for Them
Title American Game Fishes

American Game Fishes: Their Habits, Habitat, And Peculiarities; How, When, And Where To Angle For Them.

By W. A. Perry (" Sillalicum "), A. A. Mosher, W. H. H. Murray, W. D. Tomlin, A. N. Cheney, Prof. G. Brown Goode, W. N. Haldeman, Francis Endicott, Fred. Mather, S. C. Clarke, Rev. Luther Pardee, Charles Hallock, F. H. Thurston (" Kelpie "), J. Harrington Keene, Prof. David Starr Jordan, William C. Harris, B. C. Milam, G. O. Shields (" Coquina "), J. G. A. Creighton, Dr. J. A. Henshall.

-Preface
Some one has said that the easiest way to write a book is to get some one else to write it. I pondered over this remark for several days and then said to myself: If it be well to get some one else t...
-Introduction
The wealth of fishes on the North American Continent known as game fishes-fishes taken for sport and for food with rod and line-is not equaled, nor is it even approached, by the fishes of any other of...
-The Salmon
A careful review of the world's angling literature, from first to last, throughout its one thousand titles, more or less, in all texts and tongues, will be apt to beget the conviction that, after all ...
-The Salmon. Part 2
All of these Pacific Coast fishes have their several peculiarities very strongly developed. The snout in the adult males, in summer and fall, is greatly distorted; the premaxillaries are prolonged, ho...
-The Salmon. Part 3
The Wananishe of the Upper Saguenay River, which were long believed to keep exclusively to fresh water, although they had direct access to the sea, have recently been ascertained to be simply a distin...
-The Salmon. Part 4
Possibly one reason why there has been such a wide divergence of opinion about the life-history of the Salmon is, that there is nothing constant about them, except their periodical visits to the sea a...
-The Salmon. Part 5
This victory was a surfeit for the morning. With other fish in full view, ready to give me a repetition of the grand sport I had already experienced, I made no other cast, and retired perfectly conte...
-The Salmon. Part 6
This is the correct talk when feeling for a fish: keep the point of the rod down^ but when a fish is on, keep it up. I am glad to quote here what Mr. E. M. Tod, an angler of world-wide reputation, has...
-The Salmon. Part 7
The number of expert Salmon anglers in this or any other country is small, possibly because their experience is often confined to a single river, or to rivers of the same temper. Rivers are as diff...
-The Salmon. Part 8
Unquestionably, in no part of the globe are there so many Salmon rivers as there are in the Dominion of Canada. There are far more than a hundred-in all perhaps a hundred and twenty-which might yield ...
-The Salmon. Part 9
Wotton, could not command a decent respect from old Sam Johnson, or persuade Venator that angling and hunting had any right to be mentioned in the same breath. It is different now. There may be no pre...
-The Salmon. Part 10
Reference to the many rivers of the Dominion to which anglers resort would not be complete without including the Margarie of Cape Breton, the Jupiter and Dauphine of Anti-costi Island, and the Humber,...
-The Pacific Salmon
ON the Pacific Coast there are found five species of Salmon, all of which, with the exception of one that is locally confined, entering one short, rapid river, range up the northwestern coast as far a...
-The Pacific Salmon. Part 2
In 1879, while employed as an engineer on a tug belonging to a cannery, myself and a friend took a boat and a net one evening, and made a drift. The result was four hundred and forty-three Saw-qui, ...
-The Pacific Salmon. Part 3
The gaff-hook used by these Indians is a peculiarly ingenious affair. Procuring a shark-hook, they fasten a socket of wood to the shank; a hole is bored into the socket to receive a strong string. The...
-The Pacific Salmon. Part 4
*Rocky Mountains. The wily scoundrel carried his point, for in his speech he had revived the memories of one whom to remember was kind even of this reprobate. So, dismissing the Indian, I walked ac...
-The Pacific Salmon. Part 5
For half an hour the Stone Age war rolled on. All that time the living horde in its blue and crimson dress swept on its upward way to the mountain lake; and all that time had the nude men beaten and...
-The Pacific Salmon. Part 6
Splash! splash! beat the waves on the shore. There was not a ruffle on the water, yet the waves beat gently on the shore. Strange are the mysteries of earth, but far stranger and deeper are the myster...
-The Pacific Salmon. Part 7
Get out! said the angler, and he turns his canoe abruptly from the tawny villain, who had kissed the Chinook blarney-stone, and is soon engaged in royal battle with a Kisutch. Nor does this fight la...
-The Pacific Salmon. Part 8
We catcha plenta da salni; We catcha him ebera day; We sella him to da mon At da cannery ober da bay, Den we playa plenty da poka, When da daylight fada away. Boats of all kinds covered the boso...
-The Pacific Salmon. Part 9
His reappearance was greeted with a chorus of howls that made the echoes ring. The Boston dude rowed his boat alongside, and the engineer, with the help of a hand extended by one of the ladies, clambe...
-The Land-Locked Salmon, Or Wananishe
Synonyms Salmo Salar, variety Sebago; Sebago Salmon; Sebago Trout; Schoodic Salmon; Land-locked Salmon; Silfverlax; Salmo Argentens; Winanishe, Wananishe, or Ouinaniche. IT used to be an article...
-The Land-Locked Salmon, Or Wananishe. Part 2
In the Labrador rivers there are ranges of falls near the sea, to get over which the Salmon have to await suitable stages of water; in some instances these falls are almost insurmountable, but in most...
-The Land-Locked Salmon, Or Wananishe. Part 3
We were returning from a long journey up the river, and had run out of provisions altogether. One of the men whom I had set to work to catch something, somehow, threw his bait into this hole casually,...
-The Land-Locked Salmon, Or Wananishe. Part 4
As to shape, the Wananishe is a perfect Salmon, only a dwarf; and the highest ichthyological authorities on both sides of the ocean are agreed that there is no difference of anatomy between Salmo Sala...
-The Land-Locked Salmon, Or Wananishe. Part 5
Although at most times, especially when they are lying in large schools in the eddies on the border of the main current of the great rapids of the Grande Decharge, Wananishe take the fly readily, they...
-The Land-Locked Salmon, Or Wananishe. Part 6
They will come from a great depth for the fly. Often, when looking down from a high rock into fifteen feet of water, I 7 have seen a Wananishe rise from the bottom like a flash and take the fly before...
-The Land-Locked Salmon, Or Wananishe. Part 7
The Wall-eyed Pike (Lucioperca Americana, Gunther; Stizostedium Vitreum, Jordan & Gilbert), called in Canada Dore, from his golden yellow sides, is also rather too abundant in these waters. Though t...
-The Land-Locked Salmon, Or Wananishe. Part 8
The volume of the rapids, the swiftness, complexity, and heavy swirls of the currents, make canoeing most exciting, and at times a little dangerous, on these waters. They are too deep for the use of s...
-The Land-Locked Salmon, Or Wananishe. Part 9
Some more runs may follow, or a sulking fit. The more he is kept moving the sooner he will tire. It is well to keep him in hand with as heavy a strain as can be risked, for he fights to the last, and ...
-The Tarpon, Or Silver King
The Tarpon has been technically described as Me galop s Atlantic us and Megalops Thrissoides, the latter being used in the excellent compilation known as The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the U...
-The Tarpon, Or Silver King. Part 2
The Tarpon Some three or four years ago, owing to the severe and annoying colds which the great and sudden variations in temperature of our Kentucky winters subjected me to, I found it desirable to...
-The Tarpon, Or Silver King. Part 3
As to the best tackle for Tarpon-fishing, were all that has been discussed-oftentimes in such heated debate- chronicled, it would fill tomes. I have used, in all of my fishing, a strong, pliable, spli...
-The Tarpon, Or Silver King. Part 4
In this connection it may be apropos to relate an incident which occurred below Naples last winter, and which will illustrate what the Tarpon will do when he is hungry, and at the same time shows his ...
-The Tarpon, Or Silver King. Part 5
As a rule the click of the reel will give notice of the Tarpon's presence. In this instance, the fish must have taken the bait and advanced in the direction of my boat, thus preventing any warning. So...
-The Striped Bass
OF the many game fishes which swim the salt or brackish waters of the eastern coast of the United States, the Striped Bass seems to have claimed more of the attention of the angler than any other. ...
-The Striped Bass. Part 2
In the fall of the year, crews of hardy surfmen may be seen, on any favorable day, coasting along in their bank skiffs, just beyond the breakers, with one of their number stationed in the bow as a loo...
-The Striped Bass. Part 3
The longest cast on record is that of Mr. W. H. Wood, made at the tournament of the National Rod and Reel Association at Central Park, where, with a two and one-half ounce sinker, the average weight o...
-The Striped Bass. Part 4
What was it? It was evidently inanimate and floating. He peered out into the darkness, straining every visual nerve, but he might as well have attempted to see through the darkness of Egypt as that wh...
-The Striped Bass. Part 5
Neither will I soon forget the idyl of that day, when a bevy of laughing beauties-school-girls-picnicking from New Bedford, accompanied by a staid, elderly matron, came trooping along the shore, gathe...
-The Black Bass
Sixteen years ago I penned the following prediction in regard to the Black Bass: That it will eventually become the leading game-fish of America is my oft-expressed opinion and firm belief. Also: T...
-The Black Bass. Continued
Nomenclature There are but two species of Black Bass, the correct names of which are the Small-mouthed Black Bass (Micropterus dolomieu, Lac) and the Large-mouthed Black Bass (Microp-terus salmoidc...
-Old-Time Bass Fishing
If the descriptions of the appearance and habits of the Black Bass by the authors of the angling-books before mentioned are so brief or inexact, what do they say as to the methods of angling for this ...
-Modern Bass Fishing
Owing to the remarkably wide distribution of the Black Bass species, and the great variety in the character of the waters they inhabit, it would seem that the methods of angling for them, and the char...
-Stream-Fishing
By stream-fishing I mean either bait or fly-fishing from the bank or by wading the stream. This is my usual and favorite way of angling, and I think surpasses lake or pond fishing beyond the bounds of...
-Lake-Fishing
Lake-fishing will include, arbitrarily, the Great Lakes, the larger inland lakelets of Canada, Minnesota. Wisconsin, Michigan, and other States, and the lakes, lagoons, ami broad streams of the Gulf S...
-Fly-Fishing
Rods For fly-fishing on streams a lighter rod can be employed than on lakes, for reasons heretofore given. This should be ten feet and three inches in length and seven and one-half ounces in weight...
-Minnow-Casting
Casting the minnow on streams or lakes is a mode of angling that is second only to fly-fishing when suitable tools and tackle are employed. For this style of fishing I devised, some twenty years ago, ...
-Still-Fishing
Still-fishing is bait-fishing with minnow, crawfish, helgra-inite, frog, etc., from a boat or from the bank of a stream. Almost any kind of rod or reel will answer for still-fishing, as there is, u...
-Trolling
Trolling is practiced from a moving boat, either with handline and spoon, or with rod and reel, with minnow, small spoon, or artificial flies. Trolling with the hand-line can hardly be reckoned within...
-The Blue-Fish
This fish, which on the coast of New England and the Middle States is called the Blue-fish, is also known in Rhode Island as the Horse Mackerel; south of Cape Hatteras as the Skipjack; in North Ca...
-The Blue-Fish. Part 2
As already referred to, it must also be borne in mind that it is not merely the small fry that are thus devoured, and which it is expected will fall a prey to other animals, but that the food of the ...
-The Blue-Fish. Part 3
The Blue-fish are believed to have had a very important influence upon the abundance of other species on some parts of the coast. This has been noticed especially on the north side of Cape Cod. South ...
-The Blue-Fish. Part 4
While not discrediting the statement of Mr. Pease, it seems a little remarkable that so few persons on the eastern coast have noticed the spawning in summer of the Blue-fish; and, although there maybe...
-The Mascalonge
Author of Book of the Black Bass More About the Black Bass etc. Iadopt the name of Mascalonge for the largest and best member of the Pike family as it seems to be the accepted one with the majo...
-The Mascalonge. Continued
In the Pike or northern Pickerel, the sides of old and young are always covered with oval whitish or yellowish spots, always lighter than the ground color, which is usually grayish or olivaceous. I...
-The Mascalonge In Wisconsin Waters
The Great Pike of the Mississippi system of waters, like its great congener of the St. Lawrence waters, is one of the largest of our fresh-water game-fishes. It, the first named, has its equal in re...
-The Mascalonge In Wisconsin Waters. Continued
When lying in this way, basking in the sun, they rarely take bait unless it be unusually attractive, but when lurking in the weeds or rushes, waiting for some living victim, they will take artificial ...
-The Brook Trout
The Spotted Brook Trout, Salvelinus fontinalis, is one of the most beautiful fishes in existence. It belongs to the division of the Salmon family known to the English as Chars, a group confined for ...
-The Brook Trout. Part 2
A pair of large Trout had selected a spot near the bank of the stream, where the water was about ten inches deep. The female had fanned the gravel with her tail and anal fin until it was clean and wh...
-The Brook Trout. Part 3
When I was young, an old friend and experienced fly-fisher once told me that the talk about the importance of having the flies fall like thistledown upon the water was all moonshine. Said he: If you ...
-The Brook Trout. Part 4
I shall not attempt to offer many suggestions as to the proper flies to be used for Trout. Their name is legion, and each has its advocate. There are some, such as the coachmen and professors, that ha...
-The Brook Trout. Part 5
I cast my flies upon the surface of the foaming current, when they floated downward to the edge of a little eddy, and disappeared from view. There was a savage strike, and a great Trout dashed half-wa...
-The Brook Trout. Part 6
Taking his axe, Old Poetry proceeded to build a camp, while I made up a cast of hackles, gray, brown and red, and sent them downward from the rocky shelf on which I sat. They were instantaneously seiz...
-The Brook Trout. Part 7
Seven. Did you keep them? No. I thought we were going to have Trout for supper. Think you, we left the classic hills of Harvard to initiate our first camp amid these granite solitudes by a ...
-Trouting On The Nepigon
Hello! I exclaimed, as I glanced at the time-table, which, in the form of an illustrated itinerary, lay on the table. We must be nearing the Nepigon. The Nepigon! exclaimed the judge, with the ar...
-The Lake Trout
The Lake Trout, or Salvelinus namaycush as he is more accurately described in the language of the scientist, is, according to Professor Goode, of the Smithsonian Institute, a non-migratory species, i...
-The Lake Trout. Part 2
Did it ever strike you that trolling with a hand-line wasn't real sport? It is a good deal like towing on a canal, with a strong team of mules and a heavy line; the boat hain't got no chance. Neither...
-The Lake Trout. Part 3
There is not such a vast difference between the play on the hook of the Lake Trout and the Speckled Trout. The latter at the time of taking a fly will jump above the surface of the water, which the f...
-The Lake Trout. Part 4
The following are the dimensions of the Seth Green Gang, as illustrated in the cut. The hooks are number 8, forged O'shaughnessy. From the bend of the lower treble hook, A, to the bend of the treble...
-The Lake Trout. Part 5
Let your line run slowly off the reel, checking occasionally, and, as it were, feeling for the bottom with your sinker, until it strikes; try and check your line at the moment of contact, and reel in...
-The Lake Trout. Part 6
The rivers of the North Shore of Lake Superior flow through a rough, granitic country, and are interrupted by numerous falls, many of which are highly picturesque. The coast is for the most part ...
-The Lake Trout. Part 7
One of the most famous spots for Lake Trout fishing that is at present known to anglers is Stannard's Rock in Lake Superior, forty-four and a half miles north-by-east from Marquette. It is a deadly re...
-The Lake Trout. Part 8
The characteristics of the Mackinac Trout were fully shown during this outing at Stannard's Rock. Not a single fish broke water after being struck, nor did we see them at all until just as they were b...
-The Lake Trout. Part 9
Here is the Bisby-Club cook's way, and they do say that she has no equals and few superiors in the art that goes so far toward solving the question, Is life worth living?-I do not know to whom I am ...
-The Rocky Mountain Trout
It is popularly supposed that there are many species of Trout in our western mountain streams and lakes, but, in fact, all the Trout found in waters west of the Missouri River may be referred to three...
-Black-Spotted Trout-Salmo Purpuratus
This fish is known as the Trout, Mountain Trout, Spotted Trout, Black Trout, Silver Trout, etc. in the mountains, but when in the ocean, full grown, as Salmon Trout, or Steel Head. The I...
-Black-Spotted Trout-Salmo Purpuratus. Part 2
If you ever fish a large mountain stream, a river that has large deep pools that you can't see the bottom of, go up one of the little brooks that flow into it, to where you can catch some finger-long ...
-Black-Spotted Trout-Salmo Purpuratus. Part 3
Dinner over, we walked up the track about two miles to where there was a good place to get down to the stream, waded into it, and the trouble began at once. We entered at the head of a boiling rapid, ...
-Black-Spotted Trout-Salmo Purpuratus. Part 4
Why! said the parson, what on the earth are you doing that for? I'm through, I said. I've caught all the fish and had' all the glory I want to-day. But you surely are not going to quit ...
-The Channel Bass Or Red-Fish-Scioena Ocellata, (Gunther.)
Much has been written on the Striped Bass, more of the Black Bass, and their allies, the White, Green, and Speckled Basses, but few writers have treated of the above species, which is a fish of great ...
-Bass-Fishing In Winter
The noble bass, with scales intensely dyed, At bay and inlet drift in with the tide; A roving fish, deep channels it explores, Mud-tlats, and oyster-beds, and shelly shores. -McLellan's Poems of ...
-Sheep's-Head-Diplodus Probatocephalus (Walt. )
Grayish, with about eight vertical black bands, which are about as broad as the interspaces; dorsal dusky. Body robust, becoming very deep with age; the back compressed and elevated; axis of the body ...
-The Grouper-Epinephelus Morio (Cuv. , Gill)
I give to this well-known and valuable food-fish of the Florida coast, the name affixed to it by scientists, as I suppose, though the synonomy of the genus is much confused, and the name, to be adopte...
-The Mangrove Snapper-Lutjanus Aurorubens (Cuv., Gill)
Professor Jordan's description suits our South Florida fish, except as to canine, in which respect our fish resembles L. caxis, which has canines in the upper jaw. The generic name, according to Jorda...
-Sheep's-Heads, Groupers, And Mangrove Snappers
There where the affluent current pours The deepest o'er its muddy floors, The greedy sheep's-head hidden lie, To seize whatever may float by. -IsaacMcLellan, Poems of the Rod and Gun. At b...
-The Cavalli Or Crevalle-Caranx Hippus (Gunther)
I am unable to decide to which of the species of Caranx that frequent our Southern coast the Cavalli belongs, but probably it is C. hippiis. It is a fish which affords good sport to the angler, but is...
-The Lady-Fish Or Bone Fish-Albula Vulpes (Goode), Albula Conoryhnchus (Gunther)
Pectoral falcate, longer than head. Breast naked, with a small patch of scales in front of ventrals only. Caudal lobes equal. Head 3; depth 2; Lat. I. (scutes) about 30. D. VIII-I, 20; A. II-I, 17. ...
-Fly-Fishing In Salt-Water
The pleasant'st angling is to see the fish Cut with their golden oars the silver stream, And greedily devour the treacherous bait. - Shakespeare. Which seems to mean fly-fishing, and as the p...
-Fly-Fishing In Salt-Water. Continued
What kind of a fish is this, said P. as he tugged laboriously at his line, when presently appeared a formidable weapon like a saw, two feet long, striking right and left. This is the worst fish of ...
-Surf-Fishing For Red Bass
Off where the slender light-house lifts Like sheeted ghost, above the surge, Casting its warning flames at night Far to the dim horizon's verge; There anchored, when the tides are low, And first the ...
-The American Grayling
Thegraylynge, by a nother name callyd ombre, is a delycyous fyffhe to manys mouthe. And ye maye take hym lyke as ye doo the troughte * * * And yf ye fe ony tyme of the daye the troughte or graylynge ...
-The American Grayling. Part 2
It should, however, be stated that the peculiar coloration which has gained for the Michigan Grayling its specific name of Tricolor, is not always apparent. Its hues vary under different conditions, a...
-The American Grayling. Part 3
Within a short distance (soon walked) from the hotel, the three rivers above named-Gallatin, Madison and Jefferson-flow close together and are indiscriminately fished by the resident anglers. In all ...
-The American Grayling. Part 4
It is well to have a good assortment of Hies, the same you would choose for Trout. The Grayling is naturally a surface feeder, and not being as easily scared as the Trout, will often rise again and ag...
-The American Grayling. Part 5
I don't want ter sell 'im. Marm likes 'em. Just at this stage of the colloquy, we noticed that the fish were rising at the feathers which had settled on the water. Brown hackles, eh, John? ...
-The American Grayling. Part 6
The last tale was told, the last pipe smoked. Fresh logs were heaped upon the fire; we spread our blankets in the tent, above our fragrant couch of hemlock tips, and soon the hush of the forest rested...
-The Pike
The Pike belongs to the family of the Esocidae. Body elongated, sub-cylindrical, with small scales, margin of upper jaw formed by intermaxillaries and maxillaries laterally: mouth very large, jaws el...
-How Am I To Catch Pikes?
A few years ago English methods were described in reprints of English books, or written by Englishmen who had become Americanized, yet who taught that the Thames style, or Nottingham fishing-tackle...
-Fishing Tackle For Pikes
A lance-wood or bethabara-wood rod, of about nine feet long, a Milam, Chubb's, Henshall, Van Antwerp, Abbey & Imbrie, Steel-pivot Multiplier, or an Automatic reel-a strong but not heavy li...
-The Wall-Eyed Pike
The Wall-eyed Pike or Pike-Perch, so-called, belongs to the Acanthopherous species bearing, as the name signifies, - spines. These fish have various names, in various localities. In the North-west, an...
-The Pickerel
When sunny youth or lovely girlhood takes to fishing; when woman, spurred with a vaulting ambition, de-sires even to eclipse her husband-when the soul that looks out of the windows is growing dim ! ...
-The Pickerel. Continued
I was out on the bank in a second, and ready for the second charge-in rebuttal. I cracked him one over the head, and then began a picnic! I was cold and shivering when I came out of that mill-strea...
-The White Perch
TO-Night my banjo is attuned in a minor key to sing of a minor fish, which, in some lands, would take higher rank - than it does on our Atlantic coast where it is native. All fishes which take the fly...
-The White Perch. Continued
The Perch of those days-we will drop distinctive names now-seldom grew above six inches in length in the Hudson, about Albany, and was like burnished silver, a brilliancy that it loses in brackish wat...
-The Yellow Bass, White Bass, Rock Bass, Calico Bass, Crappie, Yellow Perch And Other "Boys' Fishes."
The Sauger-Stizostedium Canadense Description Body elongate, more terete than in the Walleye, with the back broad and scarcely compressed; depth of the body four and one-half to five times in le...
-The Common Sun-Fish, Pumpkin-Seed Or Sunny-Lcpovlis Gibbosus (Linnaeus)
Description Body deep, very gibbous, both dorsal and ventral outlines strongly curved; depth in adult, a little more than half its length without caudal; the head a little more than a third; eye la...
-The Long-Eared Sun-Fish-Lcpomis Vicgalotis (Rafinesque)
Description Body deep and rather short, the profile high and strongly curved; dorsal outline convex; depth more than half the length; head with flap a little less; dorsal spines low, lower than in ...
-The Yellow-Belly Or U Bream. Lepomis Clttritus(Linnzeus)
Description Body elongate, not much elevated. Snout moderately prominent. Mouth rather large oblique, the maxillary reaching past front of eye. Cheeks with rather small scales, in about 7 rows. Sca...
-The Blue-Gill Or Dollardee-Lcpodlis Pallidus (Mitchill)
Description Body deep and compressed, rather elongate, with slender caudal peduncle when young; short, deep and almost orbicular in very old specimens; head moderate, about one-third the length, wi...
-The Green Sun-Fish-Lcpomis Cyanellus (Rafinesque)
Description Body oblong, or elongate, the depth usually about 2 1-2-in. length; the head about 3; mouth pretty wide, the maxillary reaching nearly to middle of eye; lower jaw rather longest; fins r...
-The War-Mouth-Cluznobryttns Gulosus (Cuv. Andval)
Description Body heavy, deep and thick, depth 2 1-8 in. length; head about 2 2-3; mouth large, its maxillary reaching nearly to posterior margin of eye-the supplemental bone strong; scales on the c...
-The Rock Bass, Red-Eye Or Goggle-Eye
Description Body oblong, the depth about 2 1-2 in length; head 3 in length; profile convex, eye very large, about equal to snout, 3 1-2 to 3 3-4-in. head; cheeks with about eight rows of scales and...
-The Sacramento Red-Eye-Arckoplitcs Intcrruptus (Girard)
Rock-Bass or Red Eye. Description Body oblong-ovate, compressed, the back considerably elevated anteriorly, depressed over the eye, the snout projecting at an angle. Mouth terminal, very lar...
-The Crappie-Pomoxis Annularis (Rafinesque)
Description Body elongate, the depth usually about 2 1-2-in. length of body, the profile more or less strongly S-shaped, owing to the projecting snout, depressed occipital region and strongly promi...
-The Yellow Perch-Perca Flavesccns (Mitchill)
Description Body oblong, compressed, mouth moderate, the maxillary not quite reaching to orbit; lower jaw a little the longest; eye moderate, 4 1-2 to 5-in. head; top of head naked, the bones rough...
-The Darters-Etjicostoma
But more interesting than the real Perch was a little fish in blue and crimson which we found lying in the bottom of the river, insensible to any bait we were able to offer it. It was not more than tw...
-The Yellow Bass-Moronc Intcrrupta (Gill)
Description Brassy, tinged with olivaceous above; sides with 7 distinct longitudinal black bands, those below the lateral line interrupted posteriorly, the posterior part alternating with the anter...
-The White Bass-Roccus Cjirysops (Rafinesque)
Description Silvery, tinged with golden below; sides with blackish or dusky longitudinal lines, 4 or 5 above the lateral line, 1 through which the lateral line runs, and a variable number of more o...
-The Calico Bass-Pomoxis Sparoides (Lacepede)
Description Body oblong, elevated, greatly compressed, the depth being nearly half the length, the head one-third; profile more regular than in the Crappie, the projections and depressions being le...
-The Senses Of Fishes
THE subject of the mental and emotional capacity of fishes is the cause of much curious comment and speculation among angling naturalists, who do not willingly consent that the class Pisces shall be p...
-Fishing Tackle And How To Make It
THE desirability of self-help is more conspicuous in regard to angling than any other sport. Very few fishermen are quite unable to help themselves, it is true; but imagine the plight of the would-be ...
-Section I. Knots And Ties
The properly tied leader, hook and line, bear the same relation to good form in the angler, as the trim, well-finished harness of a two-forty trotting horse does to the good form of its owner. Ima...
-Section II. Lines: Gut, Hair, Silk, Gimp, Etc
The next consideration obviously is the materials in connection with which the knots given are used. The first of these, and perhaps the most important, is gut. This material is a transparent thread, ...
-Section III. Waxes, Varnishes, Line-Dressings And Stains
In order to clear the ground as I go, it is now proper to speak of the waxes that are necessary to the fly-tier and general maker of tackle. The old-time wax was that used by shoemakers; and for stick...
-Section IV. Hooks
The selection of the best hook for all-round fishing is more difficult than at first appears. Experience alone teaches the make to be depended on in the majority of cases. And Aberdeen. ...
-Section V. Fly-Fishing
Tackle for angling may be conveniently divided into three categories: 1. Tackle for top-water fishing-fly-fishing with artificial insect. 2. Tackle for mid-water fishing-trolling, bait-fishing, liv...
-Fly-Fishing. Part 2
This is the way: Fig. 24 represents the hook tied on and secured by means of a half-hitch (A). The tying silk is then run up by wide coils toward the end of the shank. Next, two slips of feather taken...
-Fly-Fishing. Part 3
I.-Quill-bodied Gray Dun.-The quill-body is from the feather of the moor or water hen, and is possessed of a lighter and darker strip each side so that when wound on it successfully imitates the ringe...
-Fly-Fishing. Part 4
This novel invention is (like all the other novelties described in these articles), my own, and I claim for it quite an extended range of usefulness. It often happens that the Bass, Trout, and even Sa...
-Names And Dressings Of Standard Trout Flies For The Amateur Fly Dresser
Hackles. Brown Hackle Tag Gold tinsel. Body Peacock herl. Hackle Brown. Scarlet Hackle Tao Gold tinsel. Body Scarlet Bilk, ribbed, gold tinsel. Hackle Scarlet. ...
-Winged Flies
Coachman Tag Gold tinsel. Body Peacock herl, ribbed, black silk thread. Hackle Brown. Wings White dove. Coachman, Lead Wing Tag Gold tinsel. Body Peacock herl, r...
-Lake Trout Flies
Silver Doctor Tail Wood-duck (black and white barred), yellow swan (dyed), and ibis. Tag Gold and yellow silk, then crimson silk. Body White silk, ribbed, silver tinsel. Hackle ...
-Black Bass Flies
La Belle Tail White and scarlet. Tag Silver and scarlet silk. Body Blue silk, ribbed, silver. Hackle Blue. Wings White swan or goose. White Miller Tag Silver. ...
-Dressings Of Salmon Flies
Butcher Tag Silver twist and yellow silk. Tail A topping, teal and powdered blue macaw. Butt Black herl. Body In four equal divisions, beginning with light red-claret, and cont...
-Dressings Of Salmon Flies. Continued
Sides Jungle fowl. Horns Blue macaw. Head Black wool. Black Dose Tag Silver twist and very light orange silk. Tail A topping, teal and ibis. Body Two or three turn...
-Section VI. Tackle For Mid-Water Fishing
Tackle For Trolling. Artificial Bait The etymology of the word trolling need not concern us very much here, beyond pausing to sa)' that it is evidently derived from the French troler, to lead abo...
-Section VI. Tackle For Mid-Water Fishing. Continued
Fig. 41 shows the gang baited. The manner of accomplishing this is as follows: kill the minnow, then insert the two long prongs into the fish at a point a little tailward of the dorsal fin, and push i...
-Section VII. Bottom-Water And Bait Fishing
Very little so-called bottom-fishing is practiced in this country, but it seems likely that the Bull-head, Sucker, Eel, and several other useful fishes, might be more readily made to render sport, i...
-The Fishing-Rod, And Its Amateur Manufacture
The origin of the fishing-rod is lost in the mists of antiquity-and it is of not much consequence. It may be fishing tackle and how to make it. interesting, however, to briefly note the difference ...
-The Fishing-Rod, And Its Amateur Manufacture. Part 2
Rods for Mid-water Fishing, such as troll-ng, fishing with live bait, etc., need to be of ather sterner character. For Bass-fishing, Dr. Elenshall recommended an eight-foot three-inch *od of eight ou...
-The Fishing-Rod, And Its Amateur Manufacture. Part 3
The ordinary rings for fly-rods are shown in fig. 9. They consist simply of a round metal ring held on the rod by the tie, which is whipped with silk. This is a useful ring for fly-fishing only, and e...
-How To Make A Fishing Rod
In the following directions for the making of rods I shall purposely place myself in the position of a novice who has never made a rod, but has ingenuity and some mechanical aptitude. Machinery is rap...
-How To Make A Fishing Rod. Part 2
First, plane one side perfectly smooth, then plane the opposite side; next take a right and then a left side, and so plane that a true square is preserved, no matter what taper is arrived at. You want...
-How To Make A Fishing Rod. Part 3
Having, with file, scraper and sand-paper, adjusted your rod, next proceed to smooth it with the finest sandpaper, using plenty of elbow-grease. A little finely powdered tufa (pumice) aids one to get ...
-How To Make A Fishing Rod. Part 4
The planing of the strips to the exact pattern, so that each one 'tapers truly, will tax all the care and patience of the operator. Having squared his six strips, he must make a four-foot block of har...
-Reels-Their Use And Abuse
THE invention of the fishing reel dates back something over two centuries. The earliest mention of it, so far as I know, is in Baker's Art of Angling, London. 1651. He says: Within two foot of t...
-Reels-Their Use And Abuse. Continued
The material generally used for their construction is brass, hard rubber, and german silver. By german silver, is not meant nickel-plated-for this is only a brass foundation, plated over with nickel, ...
-Practical Points On Camping Out
By G. O. Shields. As many of the best fishing waters are in the wilderness, remote from hotels or even from farm houses and ran-^ ches, and as much of the best fishing can therefore be done ...
-Practical Points On Camping Out. Part 2
For wading, for walking in wet weather, or in wet snow, I have never found anything better than the Hannaford ventilated rubber boot, with rubber lining. If this boot gets wet inside, either from pers...
-Practical Points On Camping Out. Part 3
Mosquito-Dope If going into the woods or mountains in summer, you will require a lotion to keep off mosquitoes and flies. Many preparations are sold for this purpose, all of which have more or less...
-Practical Points On Camping Out. Part 4
If you have plenty of transportation and don't take a canvas-cot, take a cotton or wool mattress. It need not be more than two feet wide and three inches thick. The weight is insignificant. The only q...
-Practical Points On Camping Out. Part 5
A fire maybe made in the center of this tent when needed. Thus it proves a great advantage over a wall-tent, or any other style which will not admit of fire being made inside without a stove. A large,...
-Practical Points On Camping Out. Part 6
Another handy item in a camp-outfit is a pack-strap. This is a kind of human harness, made to fit over the shoulders, and with straps attached, for buckling up the roll of bedding, clothing, or whatev...
-Practical Points On Camping Out. Part 7
I never could see the value that many hunters attach to a hatchet. A large hunting knife will do almost an)' work that a hatchet will do, and much in the way of cutting up game, etc., that it will not...
-Practical Points On Camping Out. Part 8
Provisions The question as to what kinds and what quantity of food to carry on a camping trip is perhaps more difficult to settle satisfactorily than any other that besets the sportsman when prepar...







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