List of Mammals, and where Collected and Noted during this Expedition of 1914.1

Moose

Observed Crooked River, May 13. Two observed above Pelican Rapids, Churchill River, June 2. Had fresh meat from Indians on Sandy Lake on the Churchill River, June 9. Many tracks of moose on the clean, soft river-bottom in neighbourhood of White Sand Rapid, Reindeer River, June 30. Few in neighbourhood of south end of Reindeer Lake ; report of Solomon Cook, July 1. Willows on shores of lower reaches of the Cochrane River much eaten by those animals, July 19. Many signs of moose on inland lake shores west of Cochrane River, July 23. Some skins of both adult and young moose at Fort du Brochet, August 21. Few tracks in the snow encountered west of Reindeer River, on return journey, January 2, 1915.

Woodland Caribou

In two instances the tracks of this species were seen in the snow about twelve miles north of Pelican Narrows, January 4, 1915. Some nice heads of this species in Hudson Bay Factor's cabin at Pelican Narrows, January 15.

1 See also Report of Chief Game Guardian, 1914, pp. 33-4, Regina, 1915.

Barren-Ground Caribou

See Chapter VI.

Musk-Ox

A number of skins were seen east of White Partridge Lake, twenty miles south of the Barren Grounds, November 26. They had been taken by Eskimos in territory further north.

Woodchuck

One trapped Beaver River, May 19.

Chipmunk

Observed on an island on Sandy Lake on the Churchill River, June 11. The first specimen seen for a long time ; and the only one noted during the remainder of the expedition.

Red Squirrel

Heard chattering in spruce forest on shores of Black Bear Island Lake on the Churchill River, June 14. Observed on shore of Rapid River Lake, Churchill River, June 24. One taken on shore of Sucker Bay, south end Reindeer Lake, July 5. Observed Cochrane River, July 24. One taken north of Fort Du Brochet, October 31.

Musk-Rat

Observed on Sandy Lake, Churchill River, June 9, and in marsh in neighbourhood of Fort Du Brochet in August.

Canadian Beaver

Few dams observed north of Fort Du Brochet in September.

Porcupine

Observed Ila a la Crosse Lake, May 27. Observed swimming in water Sandy Lake, on the Churchill River, June 11. Again observed this species swimming on Island Lake, Churchill River, June 26. Later the animal climbed a poplar tree.

Varying Hare, Or White Rabbit

One male taken inland west of Du Brochet Lake : this the first " rabbit " seen since leaving Lake He a la Crosse. Many signs of " rabbits " on shores of Du Brochet Lake, August 2, but not a single one seen. One shot north of Fort Du Brochet, October 1, but this territory, at least for the present, appears almost barren of this species. It is highly probable that rabbit plague has recently devastated the territory of this species, for there remain everywhere old signs of great numbers.

Lynx

Observed tracks of this species in the snow when journeying south, which tracks were the first encountered. No tracks or pelts noted in the Far North-my position, when tracks encountered, was in very broken, rough country west of Reindeer River, January 2, 1915.

Timber Wolf, Grey Wolf

Few stated to be in neighbourhood of south end of Reindeer Lake by Solomon Cook, halfbreed servant, July 1. Found den at edge of small mossy swamp in large muskeg, Du Brochet Lake, August 3. There was a great gathering of small twigs, grass, moss, etc., at entrance to den, and inside ; tracks of wolf in many places on the lake shore, which was not far distant. Meat cache plundered near Thanout-Tua Lake, latitude 59.5°, on November 24, by Wolves, Wolverine, and Foxes, whose tracks were numerous in the snow. Few skins seen east of White Partridge Lake, twenty miles from the Barren Grounds, November 26. Two specimens taken east of the north end of Reindeer Lake, December 22, in same locality as White Wolves-all being attracted by the carcass of a Caribou. Two Wolves, which appeared to have run amok, were shot at the cabin doors of Fort Du Brochet on December 19, 23, after causing much fear and excitement among the natives. I examined the second animal which was killed, and found it mangy and lean and frothed at the mouth ; it was quite evidently insane. One blackish-brown specimen observed on Beaver Lake, January 9, 1915.

Barren-Ground Wolf, White Wolf

Many skins seen in trapper's cabin east of White Partridge Lake, twenty miles south of the edge of the Barren Grounds, November 26. Specimens, all white except for small black mark on the upper side of the tail near the base, were taken east of the north end of Reindeer Lake on December 22 ; they were male and female, and are now mounted in the Provincial Museum, Regina, Saskatchewan.

Coyote

Single one observed at Big River, May 10, and many heard howling at night. None seen or heard at He a la Crosse Lake. Note on Sandy Lake, Churchill River, on June 10, that I have not seen or heard this species since reaching Ile a la Crosse Post. Solomon Cook, half breed servant, tells me there are none in neighbourhood of south end of Reindeer Lake.

Foxes-Red, Cross, Black.-Red foxes observed Sandy Lake, Churchill River, June 8 ; Dead Lake, Churchill River, June 17. One observed north of Fort Du Brochet November 5 (see " Timber Wolf," November 24). A good specimen of Cross Fox taken near Fort Du Brochet on December 17. One Red Fox seen feeding at remains of Caribou carcass, Reindeer Lake, December 20. Measured great fox-jumps in the snow-they were 9 ft. 9 in. apart from fore-paws to fore-paws. West of Reindeer Lake, January 2, 1915.

A beautiful male Black Fox trapped by Jaumeri Merasty, jet-black except for few silver hairs over rump, and white tail-tip. Taken south of Fort Du Brochet, December 9 : eventually purchased by Revillon Brothers, Factors, for $200 = 40.