One immature bird, taken in Reindeer Lake, July 11, is somewhat difficult to place. It compares well with one of about the same age from forty miles south-west of Calgary, Alberta, August 4, 1895 ; and is not so dark above as a younger bird from near Latchford, Ontario, June 10, 1906. Preble refers to a breeding bird from Pelican Narrows, Churchill River, in the W. S. National Museum,1 and in fact Reindeer Lake is well within the known range of canadensis.
Observed south end Reindeer Lake, July 4 ; Sucker Bay, Reindeer Lake, July 6 ; Fort Du Brochet, July 17 ; lower reaches of the Cochrane River, July 20, 21, 23, 24. Observed Cochrane River, July 27,29,30, 31. There is an inland lake, some twenty to twenty-five miles long, west of Cochrane River, named by the Indians Wiskajon2 Lake. This neighbourhood appears to be their regular habitat. Observed Du Brochet Lake, August 6, 8 ; north end Du Brochet Lake, August 11; north of Fort Du Brochet, September 26 and November 5.
The Northern Shrike is called by the Indians the " White Wiskajon," and certainly its light flight among thickets resembles that of the true Wiskajon.
Five specimens : three from Churchill River, a young bird taken when just fledged and flown from the nest above Pelican Rapids, June 2; an adult female below Great Devil Rapids, June 18; and a young bird fledged and in company with parent and two other young, Otter Lake, June 20; two adult males taken December 15, one on Lake Du Brochet, the other on Reindeer Lake.
Found nest in cleft of low rock cliffs on shore of Pelican Lake. Six partly fledged young perched on ledge adjoining ; a nest found two days ago was in fairly high poplar tree, Churchill River, June 4. One observed below Knee Lake on the Churchill River, June 6. One pair observed Black Bear Island Lake on the Churchill River, June 13. One observed Island Lake, Churchill River, June 26. Observed south end Reindeer Lake, July 4. Four observed Reindeer Lake, July 8. Two observed lower reaches Cochrane River, July 18. One observed Cochrane River, July 21, 23; observed July 24. Few observed below Du Brochet Lake, Cochrane River, July 30, 31. Observed Du Brochet Lake, August 2, 5; Cochrane River, below Du Brochet Lake, August 14. Two observed Fort Du Brochet, September 4. Number of Ravens observed following the southward migration of Caribou north of Fort Du Brochet, November 5, 8, after the manner of Vultures. They sometimes voice brief musical calls from the depth of their throat: p-r-r-o-o uttered singly, and repeated at longish intervals ; and err . . . err.
1 North American Fauna, No. 27, 1908, p. 402. 2 Canada Jay.
One observed Theitaga Lake near latitude 60° on November 28, probably following Caribou. One taken near Fort Du Brochet, December 14. Those birds appear to remain in vicinity of the Caribou herds all though winter.
An immature female taken on the Reindeer River, June 29; this bird compares well with a breeding female from Craven, Saskatchewan, much better than it does with Ontario birds, and may better be placed with the Western Crow (C. b. hesperis), but owing to lack of material of comparable age I hesitate to do so.
Observed Big River, Sask., May 7, 9. Large number nesting in wood at back of lie a la Crosse Post, May 22. Noted June 2 that I see crows every day : at that date entering Churchill River from Ile a la Crosse Lake. Numerous in neighbourhood of mouth of Haultain River on the Churchill River, June 6.
Observed above Sandy Lake on the Churchill River, June 8. Numerous Sandy Lake on the Churchill River, June 10. Observed Sandfly Lake, Churchill River, June 12. Few observed Otter Lake, Churchill River, June 20. Crows at Stanley Mission, June 23. Observed neighbourhood Island Lake on the Churchill River, June 25; Reindeer River, June 29, 30, but not so commonly seen during the last two days. Observed Reindeer Lake, July 11. Observed in neighbourhood of deserted teepees on the Cochrane River, July 27: this species not seen for some time. Observed Du Brochet Lake, August 8.
Specimen taken at mouth of Mudjatick River, Churchill River, June 2. First of this species seen this year.
Breeding haunts encountered in marsh at entrance to Pelican Lake, Churchill River, June 3.
Observed Big River, May 9; Beaver River, May 21 ; inland lake on east shore at north end of He a la Crosse Lake, May 30 ; Pelican Lake, Churchill River, June 2. Nest with three eggs found on Churchill River, below mouth of Haultain River, June 6. Observed in marsh above Sandy Lake on the Churchill River, June 8. Number observed neighbourhood Island Lake, Churchill River, June 25.
Three specimens from Lake Du Brochet, August 7: an adult male, 11 iris clear yellowish white " ; an immature (female ?), " iris medium clear umber-brown "; and an immature male, " iris pale sage-green."
Observed Cochrane River, July 21; Du Brochet Lake, August 6. Observed during first two weeks in September at Fort Du Brochet, feeding apparently chiefly on ground cranberries and bilberries.
Numerous at Big River, May 7. Two pair observed Cochrane River, July 19, 20. Observed Cochrane River, July 26. Observed a bird with food in bill for young, July 27. Observed July 28, 29, 30, below Du Brochet Lake.
Numerous at Big River, May 7. Observed Beaver River, May 21. One pair observed on inland lake east shore He a la Crosse Lake, May 30; Pelican Lake, Churchill River, June 3. Observed on Sandy Lake on the Churchill River, June 9,10; Sandfly Lake, Churchill River, June 12. Number observed neighbourhood Island Lake, Churchill River, June 25, 26.