This section is from the book "Anatomy Of The Arteries Of The Human Body", by John Hatch Power. Also available from Amazon: Anatomy of the Arteries of the Human Body, with the Descriptive Anatomy of the Heart.
This operations has been proposed by Beclard for hemorrhage after extirpation of portion of the tongue, or from other causes. The lingual artery may be exposed by an incision extending transversely from the os hyoides to the margin of the sterno-mastoid muscle. The skin, platysma, and fascia being divided, the glistening tendon of the digastric muscle is brought into view: beneath this, and lower down, is the hypo-glossal nerve, much duller in its appearance than the tendon; whilst the artery will be found situated still lower and a little deeper than the nerve.
Mr. Guthrie advises that the trunk of the external carotid should be tied whenever there is unmanageable hemorrhage from its branches.
The ranine artery may be wounded in the operations of dividing the frasnum linguae. This will not occur if blunt-pointed scissors be used, and their points directed downwards during the operation. When the artery is wounded in the child, the hemorrhage is favored by the vacuum produced in sucking, and by the heat and mobility of the parts. As the ranine arteries anastomose at their extremities only, the right and left sides of the tongue may be filled with different-colored injections. It has been proposed by Velpeau to puncture the ranine veins in cases of glossitis.