That the genesic impulse in man, and I use the word impulse designedly, is entirely independent of the procreative glands, although materially assisted and strengthened by them, is shown by the failure of castration to wholly obliterate it.

Castration among the ancients was of four kinds. The Romans had perfect, or true castrati, where both testicles and penis were removed, total ablation; spadones, where only the testicleB were extracted; thlibia;, where the testicles were not removed, but destroyed by crushing; and thtasiai, where the spermatic cord was cut, but the other members left uninjured.*

1 Com p. Stein, ZeiUchrift far Ethn., 875, p. 37; Millant, "Castration Criminelle et Maniaque," 1902; and, for the present prevalence of the practice in Russia, Hax-thausen, loc. cit., vol. i.