Generally, the dog's first act of friendship is to put up his hand to his master. His paw should be taken and gently shaken ; then the other ; at the same time, repeating " right hand" for the right, and " left hand" for the left, always taking the one required, and invariably refusing the other. Your hand should be first extended to the side of the paw demanded, so that the other paw cannot reach it. He will soon become habituated to the words right and left, and immediately distinguish between them. He may then be taught (if you please) to go round and shake hands with the .whole company. To make it perhaps more amusing, you may term the right paw the gentlemen's and the left the lady's ; or you may while standing up, hold out both your hands, inviting him to jump up. When he has done this a few times, you can, while your hands are out, say "Show me how you shake hands with the ladies" when the act of giving both paws, will be the an-swer.
To make a dog sit up, he must he placed in position, and be there made to sit for a short time and seriously threatened, should he dare to disobey the order " Sit up Sir." He must be kept a very short time at first and his poorest efforts must be flattered. Although at the outset, he must be placed in position, he should soon be taught to rise at a touch, accompanied by the word of command, and shortly after by the word alone. A gentle rap on his forefeet with a twig may be of occasional service. When he answers to the word, you should increase your distance from him, be more peremptory in your orders, and rather more severe, if he disobey. He may then, at a short distance have a pipe placed in his mouth and a cap on his head ; he may also be ornamented with a pair of spectacles, which together with a newspaper, placed before him, will render him well worthy of your attention.
As for teaching an animal to stand up on his hind legs, a piece of meat will be found quite sufficient inducement. This is the most natural and simple method of instruction. As he stands up to reach the meat, it should be drawn slowly forward, for him to follow on his hind leg?, while at the same time, you repeat " Walk along Sir," You may find it easier perhaps, to start him from a wall, against which he must be stood upright, and tempted onward in hopes of the meat, of which he should be allowed a small portion, when he behaves well, but never unless to reward him for his efforts of obedience. Of course he will require no regular fee, when he thoroughly understands his duty, although an occasional kindness will at no time be thrown away.