Of varied color, fashion black and tan, In England, (say they,) this famed race began , Red, white, .and yellow have been highly prized, Thoagh sundry tints, by man are oft' devised. Well shaped his form, with Greyhound-tapering head,
Leg, breast and jowl, well flushed with tannish red ;
His body black, with coat, high glossed and fine,
Varying in weight, from twenty pounds, to nine. If ought of white his feet or breast disgrace, Too light a red or brindle there we trace ; Too clumsy limb, too coarse his tail or coat, Doubtful his Sire ; his purity remote. Staunch and courageous, daring in his ways, Quick as a flash, the noisome rat he slays ; His stern endurance oft' has proved him fit To slaugater hundreds in the gaining pit. Of late contrivance, springs a dwarfish race, Pitted alone the drawing room to grace ; Of tender growth, yet elegant in limb, Active and sprightly, vigilant and trim, Watchful alarmist, docile, apt and small, la now Yclept the favorite of all, And oft' reveals the wealth and taste of man, The perfect, pencilled, tiny B4ack and tan, per, this running at the nose, as a simple disease of the mucus membranes. The origin is not there ; it is a general attack on the whole system, commonly originating in the stomach. Nevertheless this running ought to be encouraged, by often sponging off with luke warm water, especially when it cakes around the nostrils, after which a little sweet oil may be rubbed on them. This appears to have but little to do with the cure of the disease itself, yet it is a great relief to the animal, facilitating his breathing, and consequently diminishing his sufferings, thus in a measure enabling him the better to withstand the malady. The principal object in Distemper (as with many other diseases) is to keep the bowels in a proper state, by preventing the system becoming too debilitated to outgrow its attacks. The seat of Distemper being principally in the digestive organs, the stomach must be the principal object of our solicitude. The food should be nourishing, yet easy of digestion; a little should be given at a time, say three or more times per day. according to the strength of the patient, but not to interfere with the operation of medicine. Exposure to wet, cold, or damp is very much against recovery, likewise too much heat or close confinement. A little exercise is beneiicia1, but this need not be forced. As 1 have just observed, presuming the seat of the disease to be in the stomach and bowels, let us attempt a cure by first cleansing and thoroughly ridding them of all purulent offensive matter, which I have found to exist in all distempered dogs. This must not be effected by too powerful means, as Nature is more injured than benefited by drastic purges, and often disabled in her efforts to recruit herself. Avoid then strong doses. At the outset of the disorder however, an emetic must be resorted to, to cleanse the stomach. Common table salt will have the desired effect. One good throatful, or as much as can be gulped down at once is generally sufficient to produce vomiting, and should be the dose for any dog, of any size. You need not be alarmed at the quantity, as it will almost invariably be rejected, when given in large doses ; or will sometimes act, both as an emetic and purgative, in which case no other aperient will be required for the time lining. T propose then to cleanse the stomach the first day and give no other medicine. Take care that the patient have plenty of cold fresh water to drink, light fare, beef soup, with rice or pilot bread well boiled in it. or according to the dog's mode of living, with more or less of meat, but well cooked and well mixed, so that it be not eaten alone. Where there is a tendency to looseness, raw flour may be tied up in a fine cloth and boiled for three or four hours, after which it may be mixed in with the soup. It is . not so common for dogs with Distemper to be constipated in their bowels ; the reverse is generally the case, and has particularly to be guarded against, after the system has been thoroughly cleansed. In many distemper-cases, the dog has a ravenous appetite and appears to decrease in size, according to the amount of food eaten, clearly proving that it passes off undigested, thus leaving the multitudinous parts of the system wholly unprovided for, and the whole frame to wither away. The second day castor oil in very small doses should be administered every two hours, till it operates freely, gay, from a quarter of a tea-spoon to half a table-spoonful at a time, according to the age and size of the animal. Should he be very costive, the doses may be doubled. The less medicine given in Distemper, the better, nevertheless what is necessary, must be done. Sufficient warmth, perfect cleanliness,freedom from damp, light diet, and a comfortable bed are essential to a fair prospect of recovery. The strength must be kept up as much as possible, by feeding little and often, but never as much as the dog would eat. You need not be uneasy about his dying of starvation ; he is the last animal in the world to dream of committing suicide. If he will only eat a little, he need not be forced, except on particular occasions, such as his absolutely refusing all manner of food for a day or two, in which case a little strong beef soup may be fed to him with a spoon every hour or so. Fits are very common to dogs with Distemper,and still more common to those who have it not. As an accompaniment to Distemper, they are far more dangerous ; but let us once see the digestive organs right and all the dependencies will follow suit. In wounds and local attacks, local applications may in a measure suffice, but in distemper, the righting ot the whole machine must be effected at the main spring. For distemper-looseness.
English Terrier, (Black & Tan.)